Go through, go through the gates; prepare ye the way of the people; cast up, cast up the highway; gather out the stones; lift up a standard for the people.
Isaiah 62:10 







Volume 4, Number 4
The Christian Science Standard


Mary Baker Eddy made a well-known conditional prediction that Christendom in the United States would be classified as Christian Scientists in the twentieth century:

If the lives of Christian Scientists attest their fidelity to Truth, I predict that in the twentieth century every Christian church in our land, and a few in far-off lands, will approximate the understanding of Christian Science sufficiently to heal the sick in his name. Christ will give to Christianity his new name, and Christendom will be classified as Christian Scientists. (Pulpit and Press 22:9)

The terms of this prediction are specific,—Christianity must be given the "new name" for Christ, and Christian Scientists must attest their fidelity to it. Unless these demands are met there will be no fulfillment. Many Christian Scientists perhaps have assumed that the "new name" to be given by Christ to Christianity is "Christian Science," but Mrs. Eddy says otherwise:

The only record of our Master as a ... personal Saviour, opens when he was thirty years of age; ... Also, it is natural to conclude that at this juncture he was specially endowed with the Holy Spirit; for he was given the new name, Messiah, or Jesus Christ,—the God-anointed; even as, at times of special enlightenment, Jacob was called Israel; and Saul, Paul. (Miscellaneous Writings 161:18, with emphasis added)

The "new name" is "Jesus Christ,—the God-anointed," not Christian Science. She also shows in the following that the new name includes both Jesus and Mrs. Eddy as two individuals in one individuality:

The Lamb's [Jesus'] wife [Mrs. Eddy] presents the unity of male and female as no longer two wedded individuals, but as two individual natures in one [individual]; and this compounded spiritual individuality reflects God as Father-Mother, not as a corporeal being. (Science and Health 577:4-8)

Just as God is Father-Mother, so Jesus and Mrs. Eddy devoid of sex, are one individual, reflecting the two natures as a "compounded spiritual individuality." As the same individual, they are one of the two witnesses,—the other being Christian Science. See Revelation 11:3-12, and Miscellany 346:29-2.

Mr. Bliss Knapp is quoted as saying: "Christ is the way, man is not; Christ is the Rock, man is not; Christ is the Truth, man is not; Christ is the door, man is not; Christ is the vine, man is not; Christ is the bread of life, man is not." The identification of the "new name" depends on having "the true estimate" of the highest visible idea. Mrs. Eddy writes:

... [T]he grand necessity of existence is to gain the true idea of what constitutes the kingdom of heaven in man. This goal is never reached while we hate our neighbor or entertain a false estimate of anyone whom God has appointed to voice His Word. Again, without a correct sense of its highest visible idea, we can never understand the divine Principle. The botanist must know the genus and species of a plant in order to classify it correctly. As it is with things, so is it with persons. (S&H 560)

The highest visible idea in our age is Mary Baker Eddy, "the second appearing in the flesh of the Christ..." (S&H 118:7) We must understand that there is a "highest idea," and that men and women are not Christ, nor a part of Christ.


An essential to the understanding and growth of Christianity is to recognize the exalted position of Christ both in his names and appearance in the flesh. The first chapter of Hebrews puts Christ next to God in the Godhead, and describes His grandeur, majesty, and exalted position. The writer to the Hebrews tells us:

1. God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

2. Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

3. Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

4. Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

5. For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

6. And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he said, And let all the angels of God worship him.

7. And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

8. But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

9. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

10. And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: ...

The writer to the Hebrews seems to be making corrections in doctrine, establishing the vast distance between Christ and men and women. He dispels completely the notion that their selfhood can be Christ, and points out the very special relationship that exists between Christ and God, and that men and women can never fill the place of Christ Jesus.

Since the epistle to the Hebrews was written in A.D. 64, scientific or abstract terminology has become commonplace, so that terms such as Mind, idea, subjective, objective, and individuality can be used in describing the exalted position of Christ. In metaphysics, the subjective state is the mind's thought of itself, whether it is God doing the thinking or man. The objective state is the subjective thought externalized in forms and things. Individuality is uniqueness, causing differences,—"varied manifestations." (S&H 466:4)

Christ is divine Mind's or God's subjective thought or idea of Himself objectified in form, whereas God is essence,—not outlined. Christ gives Deity an outlined expression or revelation of the divine Mind. It was this outlining idea, Christ, "by whom He [God] made the worlds."

As a result of this glorious manifestation, Christ is "appointed heir of all things." This is a special relationship between God and Christ, establishing Christ as "the brightness of His [God's] glory, and the express image of his person." It establishes him also as forever "upholding all things by the word of his power." We do not and cannot exist without Christ. He is distinct, and higher than the angels or the sons and daughters of God. God tells the angels to worship him, Christ.

Because God is infinite intelligence, he has an expression of himself in infinite ideas,—man and the universe. Man and the universe are the objective result (reflection) of the divine Mind's witnessing to itself in its subjective individualized Christ idea.

Humans each have a name and the names are different to describe different natures. Also, there is the new name which is written on everyone because each reflects God and His Christ. Because Christ has individuality he imparts distinct individuality to each of us.

Moses as with all other humans, had a distinct individuality. Moses had an idea of himself, and he and his idea of himself were one individuality, and his individuality reflected God and His Christ. He was not Christ, and his selfhood was not Christ, because he was not the idea of the subjective individuality of divine Mind.

So, "the sons and daughters of God" do not have as their individual selfhood the Christ. If Christ were the selfhood of all men and women, they would have no separate or distinct individuality, or selfhood. All would have just the one individuality, that of the Christ. It would be like having the individual notes, a, b, c, etc., on the musical scale but without any difference in tone! There would really be no scale because there would be no difference between the notes! It would be like singing a hymn with just one note! We have a subjective thought of ourselves such as I and my idea of myself are one. That idea is not Christ but reflects God and His Christ. God has a subjective idea of Himself including His individuality, and that idea is Christ.

Remember that on the Mount of Transfiguration, both Moses and Elijah, who lived a thousand years before Jesus, were immediately recognizable as distinct individuals with distinct natures.

Only with the advent of Jesus did the Christ first appear in the flesh as an individual, and he gave the world his new name, Christ Jesus. In 1866, the Christ appeared again in the flesh as an individual, but the world has not yet received her "new name," Christ Mary, the God-anointed, and God-appointed, the known of God.

In our July issue it was pointed out there could be no Christianity without Peter's confession of Christ,—"Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God." In order for Christendom to be "classified as Christian Scientists" there must be a new confession bearing the "new name,"—Thou art the Christ, the Daughter of the living God.

Dr. Alfred E. Baker, a former Quaker and a student of Mrs. Eddy, taught several obstetric courses in the Board of Education of The Mother Church. Dr. and Mrs. Baker were often called upon by Mrs. Eddy to give specific metaphysical support to the Movement. In one such instance Mrs. Eddy furnished Dr. Baker a text daily to use in his support work over a four-week period. One of these daily texts given him reads:

Mother is Christ Mary. Mother is God's idea. Error has gone. God is made manifest. [Watches, Prayers, Arguments Given to Students By Mary Baker Eddy, Gilbert C. Carpenter, Jr., Editor. (Providence: The Carpenter Foundation. 1950) p. 54]

Judge Septimus J. Hanna, C.S.D., appointed President of the Massachusetts Metaphysical College by Mrs. Eddy with life tenure, wrote a "Brief" in which he has this to say:

The clearer conception which I feel has come to me as the result of a more careful and systematic study of the Bible and our Leader's writings on this subject has also given me an increased perception of the significance of Christ and Christmas, especially this verse:

As in blest Palestina's hour,
So in our age,
'Tis the same hand unfolds His power,
And writes the page.

We must recognize the fact that Fatherhood and Motherhood are embraced within the Godhead. The expression of the Godhead then must include the male and female. Christ Jesus would not be a full expression of divine Principle if he did not reflect, in his character, the male and female.

"[B]lest Palestina's hour" refers to Christ Jesus; "our age" refers to Christ Mary. Since "'Tis the same hand [both male and female, devoid of sex,—two individuals in one—that] unfolds His power and writes the page," then this "hand" must belong to the woman who wrote the book, and who "compasses a man." (Jer. 31:22) See our issue of January, 1993, where Mrs. Eddy authenticates Totten's prophecy of the woman encompassing the man.

This verse that Hanna quotes must necessarily be interpreted together with the picture which accompanies it, "Christian Unity," showing hands joined, two in one ("Tis the same hand"). Then, the picture which follows, "Truth vs. Error," portrays the Lamb's wife, Christ Mary, the woman with the book, who is now two individuals in one individuality. (cf. S&H 577:4-8)

This woman is the highest visible idea in our age and her name, Christ Mary, (the God-anointed and God-appointed, the known of God) is to be given to Christendom in accord with Mrs. Eddy's prophecy. The new name reflects the compounded spiritual individuality of the Messiah.

In order for Christian Scientists to attest to Christ's new name, divergent teachings must be identified.

Previous issues of the Standard have pointed out that at the turn of the century two teachings of Christian Science became entrenched in the church's teaching system. According to Mr. Robert Peel, official historian of the Church, these two teachings, or "variant 'schools' ... [were] (sometimes known as the Boston school and the Chicago school) of which Hanna and Kimball were presumed to be the chief representatives." See page 251 of the official church history, Mary Baker Eddy: The Years of Authority.

The original teaching as taught by Mrs. Eddy is the Hanna/Knott school and includes the 1943 official position, and the 1993 updated position on Mrs. Eddy's place given on page 5 of this issue. This is the teaching which Mrs. Eddy protected with three trust deeds.

The divergent teaching is the "Chicago school." Its position on Mrs. Eddy's place is given by Peel on pages 37 and 38 of The Years of Authority, published in 1977. That position was described in our previous issue as the "manifesto" of 1977 which reverses the position published by the Directors in 1943 and negates the place of Mrs. Eddy and Christ Jesus in prophecy. Jesus is seen as a mere scientific discoverer who happened to reach the mountain peak where discoveries are made. It was pointed out that the mountain-peak symbolism was attributed to Kimball. In this scenario Christ Jesus and Mrs. Eddy are not known to God, not anointed, not appointed, and not chosen as the true Messiah, the Christ.

Kimball's closest student, Mr. Bicknell Young, C.S.B., taught the Normal classes of 1910 and 1937, and appears to have advanced the concept that all mankind is equated with the Christ. In a widely circulated manuscript of class notes, Mr. Young quotes from Message for 1901 (6:24): "The Christ was Jesus' spiritual selfhood;..." Then he says:

You need not have that false sense of humility that would deny the Christ just because it happens to be your own thought, but on the other hand glorify the Christ in your understanding; it is your divine selfhood. (pp. 72, 73, original manuscript, emphasis added.)

Other teachers have been quoted as making similar statements, such as: "Jesus was divinely appointed, but every man and woman is divinely appointed and anointed. Christ is a synonym for man."

It is easy to see from these Kimball teachings why his students see themselves having the same selfhood and place as Jesus. According to Peel's presentation of Kimball's teaching, as pointed out in our previous issue, scientists and discoverers like Boyle, Pythagoras, and Heisenberg, in their real selfhood, were just as much Christ as Jesus. If all men and women are Christ or a part of Christ, there is no need to single out Jesus as the Christ, for the real selfhood of all would be Christ. This teaching, if possible, would destroy the Trinity, since Christ would have no individualized being distinct from men and women.

Did Boston move in one leap from the 1943 position to the 1977 position which negates it? Evidence exists that it did not, for from the earliest period Mrs. Eddy's followers disagreed with and diverged from her teachings. For instance, from 1884 to 1892, the students she engaged as editors for The Christian Science Journal,—Emma Hopkins, Arthur Buswell, Sarah Crosse, Frank Mason, Sarah Clarke, Julia Field-King,—all in their turn diverged from her teachings and left the Movement. These were just the editors of the Journal and do not account for others of her students who did the same. Divergent teaching views were more common than one might think. The first editor of the periodicals to remain loyal to the teachings of Mrs. Eddy was Judge Hanna.

Mrs. Eddy's early teaching on the Christ is quite different from the Kimball teaching. In the first edition of Science and Health, Mrs. Eddy states a number of times that Christ is God. On page 309 she writes: "... but Christ is God, and God propitiates not Himself ..." On page 51: "Christ is God, the Principle and Soul of the man Jesus ..." On page 126: "... and established the proof that he was Christ, and that Christ is God, the Soul and Life of man." On page 303: "Christ and God are words synonymous." On page 305: "His marvellous works are readily accounted for when we remember, Christ is God ..." There are other similar references, and this view was continued up to the fourteenth edition. Mrs. Eddy later clarified the individuality of the Christ and its oneness with God and its distinctness as the Son. She always held Christ to be part of the Godhead, one of the three elements of the Trinity.

What is it that hinders Christendom from receiving the new name of Christ in accord with Mrs. Eddy's prophecy? It is not persons or organizations. It is Antichrist, as described by St. John:

Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. ... Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is an antichrist that denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: [but] he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also. (I John 2:18, 22, 23)

It is a characteristic of "the last time" that some of the followers of Christ will misunderstand and "deny" Christ. If we believe that the real selfhood of everyone is Christ, or a part of Christ, are we not denying that Jesus in the flesh is Christ, "the Son" of the Father,—denying both the Son and the Father? On this subject our Leader says: "Ignorance of the divine idea betrays at once a greater ignorance of the divine Principle of the idea ..." (S&H 560:30-31)

St. John warns against denying the highest visible idea:

Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world. (I John 4:1-3)

Just as the Christian church is built on Jesus' statement "On this rock I will build my church," so the Christian Science church cannot survive without the "confession of the true Messiah." (S&H 138:1-5)

The danger in entertaining a false or even casual estimate of Christ is that it produces a total lack of concern for the gospel of Christ. It is Antichrist that causes a lack of concern.

Christ Jesus explained his mission at the time of the end, saying, "And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come." (Matt. 24:14; also 1-51) Mrs. Eddy's own teaching is the gospel of Christ to be preached in all the world. To do this requires a mighty struggle in the present hour: (a) to attest to her new name, and (b) to protect and extend her teaching. There can be no "Eddy teaching" without attesting to her new name.

Our Purpose To Attest To the New Name of Christ
The recognition of Christ's new name is essential as the foundation stone on which the religion of Christian Science as taught by Mrs. Eddy is brought to Christendom. The recognition of the new name also fulfills the prophecy of Jesus in Revelation 3:12, "And I will write upon him my new name." This new name,—"Thou art the Christ, the Daughter of the living God,"—must be written on each one and given to all Christendom. If one does not have Christ's new name he cannot understand Christian Science as taught by Mrs. Eddy.

Her Single Purpose For Her Church: To Protect Her Teaching
The single purpose of Mrs. Eddy for her Church, as stated in her founding trusts, according to the decision of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, dated November 23, 1921, is as follows (emphasis added):

The declared object of the trust, recited in the early part of the trust deed, is "for the purpose of more effectually promoting and extending the religion of Christian Science as taught by me." ... The Directors were enjoined not to allow in the church building any preaching or other religious services not consonant and in strict harmony with the doctrines and practice of Christian Science as taught and explained by Mrs. Eddy. (p. 1171)

It is manifest from the structure of the trust deed as well as from its express words that the single and only design of the founder was to promote and extend the religion of Christian Science as taught by Mrs. Eddy. Every part of the trust deed reinforces and makes even more plain the avowed purpose of Mrs. Eddy that her sole and completely dominating aim in establishing the trust was to promote and extend the religion of Christian Science as taught by her. (p. 1173)

The promotion of Christian Science as taught by Mrs. Eddy was the end and aim of the trust. (p. 1174) (Proceedings in Equity 1919-1921. Boston: The Christian Science Publishing Society.)

Neither Even-handedness Nor Balance Sanctioned By Mrs. Eddy
On page 251 of The Years of Authority, Peel says that there are "two variant schools," and he implies that the two variants differ only in emphasis and interpretation. However, the fact is that one school is the original and genuine, and the other is not variant, but divergent.

On pages 251-2, Peel wrongfully claims that Mrs. Eddy "maintained [a] sort of balance" or "even-handedness" between the two schools by appointing Hanna and Kimball in succession to teach the Normal classes of 1907 and 1910. (page 468, note 128) But circumstances prove that she in fact did not maintain such a policy of balance or even-handedness because:

(1) she discontinued Kimball's teaching of Normal classes as of 1902 even though he had two more years on his five-year contract;

(2) then, she provided, in each of the next three years, two-day annual meetings of a "General Association of Teachers" for the specific purpose of bringing about "uniformity in teaching" (See our issue of July, 1992, page 10; April 2, 1993, p. 8);

(3) we cannot say, for lack of documentation, that she appointed Hanna and Kimball in succession, but we can say she appointed Greene and Hanna in succession to teach the Normal classes of 1906 and 1907, as she was assured these two would teach Christian Science as taught by her because they both had expressed a knowledge of the difference between the two schools;

(4) in 1913, two editorials appearing in the periodicals were written for the purpose of correcting Mr. Kimball's teachings, thus proving that the attempt to achieve uniformity in the years 1903-1905 were unsuccessful (see our issue April 2, 1993, p. 9-11; also April 1, 1992, p. 8);

(5) all Normal class teachers appointed in the 1920's, following the decision of the Court, were pupils of Mrs. Eddy who taught what she taught, conclusive proof she had not established a policy of "even-handedness;"

(6) only in 1931, well after the Court decision of 1921, did Kimball students again teach Normal classes and have taught all Normal classes up to the present, with one or two exceptions,—with no even-handedness or balance.

There is no documentation that we have seen from Peel or any other authority to prove that she appointed Kimball to teach the December, 1910, Normal class, fifteen months in advance of the class, and less than a week before his decease, as claimed by H. H. Wait. Peel's silence on the particulars of this reputed appointment is noteworthy. Had the policy of even-handedness been established by Mrs. Eddy, it would have been a breach of the aim of the trusts that she established to protect her teaching, and the Court could not have arrived at the decision in favor of the Directors.

Mrs. Eddy was not aware at first that Kimball's teaching was divergent. Mr. Kimball was a dedicated follower of Mrs. Eddy. He possessed great charisma and was instrumental in bringing thousands into Christian Science. People were drawn to him and he was approachable to people in all levels of society. He was cultured and refined. This is the sort of teacher that any leader would want. By 1904 Peel says that Kimball had "turned out some hundred-and-fifty new teachers," a sizeable and influential following. (p. 248) As a consequence, when Mrs. Eddy was presented with the possible division of her Movement if she appeared to oppose the Kimball teaching, she obviously took the possible split seriously, and made the concession of approving Bicknell Young to teach the 1910 Normal class without intending to breach the single purpose of her trusts.

All must heed the battle call to exalt Christ Mary and extend her teaching.

Mrs. Eddy's Call to Arms: To "Lift Aloft His Standard"The Eddy Teaching
Mrs. Eddy's sole purpose for her church was to protect and extend her (Boston school) teaching. Her purpose is exactly equivalent to Jesus' commission,—"this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations." Because the Boston, or Eddy, school was phased out long ago in favor of the Chicago (Kimball) school, in the official teaching system, this mission can no longer be carried out by The Mother Church, and in fact is delegated to another entity, an "army," by the following prediction/commission of Mrs. Eddy. Our church has heeded this call to battle.

Mrs. Eddy's Warfare Prediction
According to a photograph of the original document in our church file (with two words in Mrs. Eddy's handwriting), her prediction reads:

In answer to on-coming questions, will say: I calculate that about one half century more will bring to the front the man [and warriors; cf. Rev. 19:11-21] that God has equipped to lift aloft His standard of Christian Science.

(Cf. Divinity Course and General Collectanea, known as "The Blue Book," p. 97; first published by a former Director of The Mother Church in The Christian Science Watchman, January, 1928, Vol. IV, No. 5, p. 106.)

The mission to "lift aloft His standard" is Mrs. Eddy's commission and involves warfare,—the "Battle for the Gospel" as seen in Revelation 12:17 and 19:11-21. We are enlisted in her war, a war which began in 1899 when Mrs. Knott was engaged in the opening skirmishes, which continued unabated throughout her entire career, the details to which we can never do justice. In two editorials cited on pages 13 and 14 Mrs. Knott foresaw a war culminating in a great battle which is parallel to the warfare foreseen by Mrs. Eddy and the great commission in her above prediction. Some skirmishes experienced by Mrs. Knott are:

(1) After attending Mr. Kimball's January, 1899, Normal class, a Mrs. Doty returned to Detroit and turned against Mrs. Knott, her Primary class teacher, and proclaimed widely that Mrs. Knott was teaching Christian Science incorrectly (an account attested to by Mrs. Emma A. Rixford, a student of Mrs. Knott and a Journal listed practitioner since 1901). Mrs. Doty, who had been healed of invalidism by Mrs. Knott, had been considered prior to her Kimball class, to be Mrs. Knott's most dedicated and apt pupil, and loyal friend. What was there in that Normal class to cause the estrangement of this friend? Was this not the first skirmish of the warfare?

(2) In June, 1902, Mrs. Knott was sued for fraud by a student, Mr. Meyer, for the money paid and time spent in the attempt to learn to "cure disease through the power of Christian Science" in Mrs. Knott's Primary class. The suit came after Mr. Meyer had become a patient of Mrs. Doty who turned him against his teacher. Because of an appeal, this suit was held over Mrs. Knott's head until Meyer lost the case in the Michigan Supreme Court in October, 1904. Despite the growing claim that she was teaching incorrectly, Mrs. Eddy called Mrs. Knott to Boston in June, 1903, to serve as associate editor of the periodicals.

(3) On October 5, 1905, Mrs. Eddy called the Board of Directors and editors to her study where she picked up a copy of the Christian Science Sentinel of September 30, 1905, and asked them if they considered scientific the words: "A diseased body is not acceptable to God." The article had been written by a Kimball student. She rebuked them with the words, "Now, will you any of you tell me whether God has any more use for a well body than for a sick one?" Mrs. Eddy said to Mrs. Knott, "her reason for having [Mrs. Knott] come to Boston was because she hoped [Mrs. Knott] would be able to see that her teachings were strictly adhered to in the articles that went out." (We Knew Mary Baker Eddy, Third Series, p. 85-87) (If Mrs. Eddy was practicing even-handedness in the teaching, why would she not practice it in the periodicals?)

(4) At the end of 1913 the Editor, Mr. McClellan, asked Mrs. Knott to write several editorials to correct certain "misconceptions" of Christian Science. After two of these were published, such an uproar resulted from Kimball students that an official explanation had to be made to placate the situation. One who was a Director at the time later wrote that "this subject [of the Kimball teaching] became one of the most acute issues in the Christian Science organization." (Circular letter of J. V. Dittemore, Nov. 28, 1921) Dr. Braden informs us that as a result of this incident in 1913, "the battle lines were now sharply drawn" (Christian Science Today, p. 311). Mrs. Knott was henceforth recognized as the leading exponent of the Eddy school. She became a target in this warfare because she "went straight to the heart of the controversy when she condemned as utterly false and unspiritual logic the argument that one's own hand cannot be painful or diseased because God's hand is not. This is a direct repudiation of an essential principle of Kimball's teaching." (Ibid. p. 309)

Mrs. Knott's Warfare Prediction
Mrs. Knott foresaw that the continuing conflict over the teaching would be decided by a culminating war—in the "battle for the gospel"—against "the remnant of her seed [because they] have the testimony of Jesus Christ." (Rev. 12:17) We feel the following editorial by Mrs. Knott, points to our time and depicts a "tremendous struggle" which is parallel to and corroborated by Mrs. Eddy's above prediction. In one editorial, Mrs. Knott writes:

This brings us to John's apocalyptic vision, as given in the book of Revelation, which leaves no question as to the greatness of the struggle needed on the plane of mortal belief before the Kingdom of God, with all it implies, is brought to humanity.

[The Warrior's Army Never Knows Defeat]
We find in this book no intimation that the struggle would ever end except for the appearing of the warrior whose armies never know defeat, the one who is called "Faithful and True," and who is also spoken of as "the Word of God," and who goes forth as the representative of Him who is "King of Kings, and Lord of lords." Before this mighty warrior the kings, captains, and mighty men of earth flee, and the beast and the false prophet, representing lust, sorcery, and hypocrisy, are utterly annihilated. It is deeply significant to read that toward the close of this tremendous struggle a "great white throne" appeared, that men and nations were called to stand before God and to be judged according to their works, and that then "the sea gave up the dead which were in it." (The Christian Science Journal, July, 1918. p. 193)

In another editorial, Mrs. Knott describes the mighty battle against error as led by the victorious warrior, "the Word of God":

In the nineteenth chapter of Revelation we have a wonderful picture of a rider on a white horse leading to victory the heavenly hosts that make war upon all error,—characterized on page 571 of Science and Health as "sin, sorcery, lust, and hypocrisy." This victorious warrior and leader is called "The Word of God," nor do we find any intimation in Scripture that in any other way or by any other means can the almightiness of God, good, and the supremacy of Spirit be demonstrated. Though the vesture of this great warrior is said to be "dipped in blood," those who follow him are clothed in "linen, white and clean," while the utter destruction of all evil comes from the sharp sword, proceeding out of his mouth, with which all mortal beliefs are smitten.

[Mrs. Knott Calls for Enlistees in the Warrior's Army]
Who would not then be enrolled in this great army, the battle cry of which is ever the same, "Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God"? Blessed truly are they who do His will and thus know that here and now "the Lord God omnipotent reigneth." (Christian Science Sentinel, July 13, 1918. p. 911)

Jesus' first miracle at the marriage in Cana, the turning of the water into wine, is an illustration of mankind's needed preparatory thinking. Jesus, the Bridegroom of Revelation, and Christ Mary the "last Adam" (two in one), must have been aware that the true marriage was not in seeing male and female divided, but seeing "two individual natures in one" individual. They knew that "in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven." (Matt. 22:30)

It seems apparent from this beginning miracle that prior to his ministry, Jesus had already seen the duality of Christ. The wine he gave to the wedding feast was the wine of "inspiration [and] understanding,"—unlike the first wine which represented "error; fornication; temptation; passion." (See the two "wines" as defined by Mrs. Eddy in Science and Health, page 598.) In the spiritual union of man and woman, human marriage and generation do not exist. This position of thought was lost to human understanding in the Adam-dream, but Christ was never separated from his Bride,—the "New Jerusalem,"—and man was never separated from woman or heaven. The New Jerusalem becomes apparent as the wine of male and female sex is changed to the wine of "inspiration [and] understanding."

Mrs. Eddy writes: "The spiritual status is urging its highest demands on mortals, and material history is drawing to a close." (No and Yes 45:25-27) The world (material history) opened with the separation of Adam and Eve, and will be closed by Christ. St. Paul says this is so:

For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive, But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming. Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet." (I Cor. 15:21-25)

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [Christ Mary] was made a quickening spirit. Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural, and afterward that [Christ Mary] which is spiritual. The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven [Christ Mary]. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy; and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption." (I Cor. 15:45-50)

How is Christ Mary "the last Adam"? She reverses the first Adam by restoring the dual individuality of God's Father-Motherhood, which includes Jesus and Mrs. Eddy. In the reality of being, Christ's duality could never be divided. Since the Father-Mother God could never be separated, man's dual nature could never be separated. And if Adam and Eve could never be separated,—and in reality never were,—then the world is really not populated by mortals. It is just the Adam-dream.

There seems to be a material world because Eve was taken from Adam, who was a dual being, and she became a separate being. Where there are no people, there is no world. So when Adam's dual being was divided into two individuals, and multiplied, the world (in belief) began at that point. To end the world, one must delete the progeny of Adam and Eve by the process of restoring two individual natures to one. The spiritual means to do this is to spiritually recognize the duality of the Christ in the appearing in the flesh of Christ Jesus and Mary Baker Eddy. As we recognize and demonstrate the fact that Christ Mary is the woman encompassing the man in their spiritual reality as well as in their human experience, it will have the effect of opening to thought the New Jerusalem for present day humanity, who will pour through the gates of paradise.

Previous issues of the Standard have discussed possible end-time scenarios and the evidence related to Christ's closing of the world. Reputable evidence relating to material history "drawing to a close" was reported by the Boston Globe in an article of July 19, 1993:

CLIMATE Ice cores raise the question: Is our luck running out?
... Nobody quite knows what the results [of what humans have been doing] might be, but new evidence reported over the last two weeks by scientists who have analyzed layers of ancient ice gives a strong hint that they could be dire.

Widespread burning of fossil fuels that produce carbon dioxide and other emissions, deforestation in the tropics that removes one of the major stabilizing reservoirs for greenhouse gases, and the destruction of the ozone layer are among the human actions that could profoundly affect the Earth's climate, the level of its oceans and the growth of its plant and animal life.

But until now, even scientists who feared the worst had thought the outcome of these actions, while they might have severe consequences, would be very gradual and predictable. Even if the most extreme predictions of global warming were accurate, there were some who thought human society would still be able to adjust. Over a span of decades, agricultural patterns would shift, crops would be planted in different regions, cities would be forced gradually back from coastlines as sea levels rose, but humanity would cope.

But the latest findings suggest we may have been lulled into a sense of false security because human civilization has arisen in a unique, extraordinarily constant period of the Earth's climate. Out of the 250,000 years of climate history written in layers of ice that have been drilled in Greenland, the last 10,000 years—the period when human society, agriculture, culture and written language evolved—turns out to be the only period during that span [of 250,000 years] in which the climate has been steady.

Wild variations, for most of the planet's history that we now know of, have been the norm. "We humans have built a remarkable socio-economic system during perhaps the only time when it could be built, when climate was sufficiently stable to allow us to develop the agricultural infrastructure required to maintain an advanced society," wrote James W.C. White, a geochemist at the University of Colorado, in a commentary in the journal Nature on a series of findings from Greenland ice cores drilled by European scientists. "We don't know why we have been so blessed," White continued, "but even without human intervention, the climate system is capable of stunning variability."

The evidence for that variability came as such a surprise that most scientists are still scratching their heads, and nobody seems to have come up with a way of explaining it. "That's the purpose for drilling in the first place, to understand how climate works" said Michael Morrison, a University of New Hampshire professor and associate director of a US team that drilled one of the two new Greenland ice cores. Now that the cores have revealed what happened during the previous interglacial period, Morrison said, "the next step is to understand how did it happen and why."

But the evidence is clear enough that those who know the field see little chance for dispute about the basic facts: Except for the anomalous recent period, the Earth has been subject to the most violent of climate swings. It has oscillated between extreme, ice-age-like cold spells, periods when it was warmer than now, and everything in between. The finding that really "throws us back on our heels," said David Peel, a co-author of a paper on the Greenland research that appeared in Nature last week, is how quickly these extreme changes can happen. "No one would have believed it until these data came along," said Edward Boyle, a professor in the department of Earth, Atmosphere and Planetary Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Boyle studies past climate by examining cores drilled from deep-ocean sediments, a method that allows scientists to study much longer time scales, but with much less detail about short-term changes.

The findings raise the frightening possibility that altering the climate, rather than simply causing a slow, gradual change to which human society might be able to adjust, might propel the planet over some threshold into a period of sudden, unpredictable swings between extremes of hot and cold. ...

It is the remarkable clarity of the record written in the Greenland ice that made the discovery of these rapid changes possible. The two ice cores that have just been completed in Greenland—one by an American team, the other by the Europeans, drilled just 18 miles apart to provide mutual confirmation of the findings—are not the first to reveal past climate records so far back in time, but they are by far the best. In the Greenland ice, going back tens of thousands of years, the annual layers of ice can be discerned and counted as clearly as the annual growth rings in a cut tree. Even going back more than 100,000 years, the scientists can pinpoint events to within a range of a few years.

And that's what made possible the astonishing findings reported last week. Scientists already knew there were sudden, dramatic shifts to global temperature during the last ice age. And they had a theory to explain it: Sudden changes in the huge ice sheets that covered much of the continental surfaces, and extended far out over the oceans, could trigger the shifts. But now, it turns out that swings that are just as wide, and just as sudden, also occurred during the warm period between ice ages—the last "interglacial" period, called the Eemian. (The current interglacial period is called the Holocene.) The problem is, there were no extensive ice sheets during the Eemian. So scientists will have to come up with a whole new explanation for such rapid changes in climate. So far, they don't have a clue.

It seems that our present, stable climate may be almost as unusual in the long term as having a coin land on edge after flipping hundreds of heads and tails. It is stable for the moment, but a small jiggle could tip it over.

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